Posted by Charles Kim, Oracle ACE Director, VMware vExpert
We will review the basics of installing Red Hat Linux Enterprise 6 Update 4 for the Intel 64-bit platform in a virtualized infrastructure to prepare an environment to install an Oracle cluster and database(s). To simplify the process and to demonstrate package installation procedures, we will select the option to install the Basic Server and required packages to create a local yum repository from the installation media to install packages with dependencies.
If you have a Red Hat subscription, you can download RHEL 6 ISO image files from Red Hat’s Software & Download Center customer portal. If you do not already have a subscription, you can obtain a free 30 evaluation subscription from https://access.redhat.com/downloads. Each of the DVD ISO images are about 3-4 GB in size. After you download the ISO image, create a bootable DVD and USB and reboot the system to start the installation.
In the Boot Menu, if there is no response within 60 seconds, the default option to Install or upgrade an existing system using the GUI will be executed.
You will be given the option to perform a disk check on the installation media. Click on Skip.
The Welcome screen does not accept any actionable inputs to respond to. Click on Next to continue.
Select the language preference to be used for the installation. Please choose English from this option and click on Next
Please select the default U.S. English and click on Next
Select the Basic Storage type and click on Next
Since this is a fresh install, click on Yes, discard any data button
Add hostname for the node
Click on Configure Network
Click on Edit
Change the Method to Manual
Supply IP and Netmask
Click on Apply
Then click on Close
Then Click on Next
Select your timezone
Click on Next
Enter the password for root
Click on Next
If this is a non-development environment, you will want to choose a more secure password. Since this is my lab, I will choose to Click on Use Anyway and continue.
Click on Review and Modify partition layout
Click on Next
Click on Create
Select /tmp for Mount Point
Enter 4096 for Size (MB)
Click on OK
Click on Format
Click on Write changes to disk
Click Next from the Boot loader list screen
Select Basic Server and click on Next
It will perform a dependency check and start to perform the installation
Let’s remount our DVD so that we can copy all the RPMs from the DVD to a centralized location on the file system:
In order to setup a local Yum repository, we need to install the createrepo package. The createrepo package has dependencies on two additional packages: deltarpm and python-deltarpm. To successfully install the createrepo package, we will invoke the rpm command with the -ihv option and provide the names of all three packages:
We have successfully installed the createrepo package. The next step will be to copy all the RPMs from the DVD to an area on the local file system. In my example, I am copying the files to the /tmp file system but you will want to select a more permanent location. After the files are copied, we will invoke the createrepo command and provide the location of the directory where the RPMs were copied to:
We have successfully created our local yum repository. Now we are ready to install and update packages with yum.